Air pollution is one of the biggest environmental health threats in the world, causing 7 million deaths every year (WHO, 2014). Nearly three-quarters of cities in India exceed the prescribed standards for ambient air quality (CPCB, 2020; David et al., 2019). For several air pollutants, including fine particles (PM2.5), emissions from the road transport sector are the fastest-growing urban emissions sources (Goel et al., 2015).

The following are some of the important things we’ll try to understand in this blog :

The total number of registered motor vehicles in India was 230 million as of 31.03.2016, an increase by more than 300% when compared to the year 2001 (MoRTH, 2018) with a Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 9.6% CAGR between 2001 and 2018 against a population CAGR of less than 2% during the same period (SIAM, 2019; World Bank, 2020). Based on current projections, the number of vehicles is expected to grow even further to 649 million by 2030 under a business-as-usual approach to the transport sector.

Approximately 483,000 to 1,267,000 people in India die prematurely each year due to outdoor pollution, according to scientific literature (WHO, 2016; Purohit et al., 2019). This costs the Indian economy between US$28.8 billion and $37.4 billion annually in premature death and morbidity costs, respectively (Pandey et al., 2020). This amounts to 1.36% of India’s gross domestic product.

1. Cause of the pollution emission, from the commercial vehicles

Cars, trucks, buses, off-road vehicles, and planes are all considered mobile sources of air pollution. The three main causes of pollution emissions from commercial vehicles are :

  1. The Wear and Tear of the Vehicle: over time, all vehicles will release harmful particles into the air through their wear and tear. These particles can include things like lead, mercury, and asbestos.
  2. The Use of Certain Materials in Construction: Some materials used in the construction of vehicles, such as asbestos, can also release harmful particles into the air. Asbestos is a known carcinogen that has been linked to several types of cancer.
  3. The air pollution from vehicles is among the major causes of environmental pollution and respiratory diseases.  it causes damage to the crops, buildings, metals and other materials. The study shows that the amount of environment pollution from commercial vehicles depends on the engine type, fuel type and the miles driven 

The study found that gasoline is more expensive than diesel and that this is a major factor in emissions of pollution. The study also fo/und that the exhaust gas from a diesel engine contains more harmful pollutants than the exhaust gas from a gasoline engine.

The study shows that the emissions of carbon monoxide from commercial vehicles are more than the emissions of other factors contribute to the pollution


73% Pollution from the Transport Companies


2. How can we reduce pollution emissions from the commercial vehicles

There are many ways to reduce pollution emissions from commercial vehicles in India:

  1. Switch to cleaner fuels: Switching to cleaner fuels like CNG or LPG can help reduce pollution emissions from commercial vehicles.
  2. Use low-emission vehicles: Using low-emission vehicles can also help reduce pollution emissions from commercial vehicles. 
  3. Implement emission standards: Implementing emission standards for commercial vehicles can also help reduce pollution emissions.
  4. Promotion of Comprehensive inspection and Certification:
    It has been possible to reduce 30-40% pollution loads generated by vehicles through proper periodical inspection and maintenance of vehicles. Such inspection and maintenance of vehicles is being carried on by State Pollution Control Boards, Pollution Control Committees and Transport Directorates in different parts of the country.

3. How Fleetable can help in reducing pollution

Fleetable can provide a number of benefits in reducing commercial pollution,

  1. Improved fuel efficiency – Fleetable can help fleet operators to improve the fuel efficiency of their vehicles, resulting in reduced emissions and improved environmental performance. 
  2. Reduced idling – Fleetable can help to reduce idling times for vehicles, again reducing emissions and saving fuel..
  3. Better maintenance – Fleetable can help to ensure that vehicles are better maintained, which can help to reduce emissions and improve fuel efficiency.

4. Right time of fleet replacement

Many other things can be done such as-

  • Time-to-time servicing optimizing fleet operations and maintenance, 
  • By providing data-driven insights to help fleet managers make informed decisions about their vehicles.
  • Improving engine efficiency -Using cleaner-burning fuels
  • Installing catalytic converters
  • Retrofitting older vehicles with pollution control devices
  • Idling reduction programs


We acknowledge that we have taken reference from ScienceDirect.

Find the link from where we took the reference


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